The North and South . Many People think of the Civil wars as just another war. Where somebody was trying to settle some kind of argument . Well it was not, it was to free men and it proves that no matter what we are all-equal in some way or another. Many people to date still question the power of slavery towards the black race.
Many in fact still hold that thought of being owned but know one deserves to be treated that way. The North and the south. Who was considered good and who was ignorant? The North . The North was known as the Union against slavery . The North was was known as the rebels.
Abraham Lincoln was the President for the Northern states (Union). Lincoln came up with some thing of his own power , his Inaugural address. The Contents were “Apprehension seems to exist among the people of the Southern States , that by the accession of A Republican Administration, their property, and their peace, and their personal security, are to be endangered. There is no reasonable cause for such apprehension.” ( Civil War Years pg.34 Lincoln’s Inaugural address) The South. Their the ones who made the Confederacy and who wanted to continue to run slavery as far into the ground as possible. Many believe in the words of all who say “Ignorance is bliss, so come knock the smile off my face” (Zack De Loroacha Rage Against The Machine.”) Those are the much anticipated Words of hate from which one person thinks when they hear Civil war. That is pretty bad when still to date the practices of wrong are still brought up in the 1990’s society.
To get back on track with topic the South stood as the Yankees. ( Civil War Years pg.100) Jefferson Davis of Mississippi became the President of the Confederate States of America. Jefferson had served the Mexican wars.(Civil War ,pg30). War comes. In the last days of 1860 the majority of the people of the North refused to believe that the Union was headed for complete dissolution.(Correspondents of war, pg28). With in the first Month of the new year 1861 many Southern States followed the lead of South Carolina. Mississippi naturally by supreme ordinance of secession declared its self out of the Union on 1-9- 1861.
Florida along with the following and proceeding in the order by date from the ninth of January was Louisiana, Georgia, and Texas all broke from the Union. (Civil War pg29) These states along with others not mentioned formed the Confederate States of America. On February 9, 1861 the well now known Confederate Congress choose Jefferson Davis as the new President for the Confederacy as mentioned earlier in the report. (Civil Correspondents) The Northern Generals. Lieutenant General Windfield Scott was a long time veteran of the war of 1812 and he was also a hero of the Mexican war, at this of the war Windfield was 75 years old. Next is General Irvin McDowell who’s forces behind him consisted of 36,000 men with the reserve of 10,000. The Generals first battle at Bull Run was a run of bad Luck.
Major General McClellan born eighteen-twenty Six (1826) and died in eighteen-eighty-five (1885). In July eighteen-sixty-one (1861) he had Command of the Army of the Potomac, and later that year was given the Supreme command. His hesitation in taking on the Offensive and his failure to take Richmond lead to his dismissal. McClellan was reinstated and failed to follow his success at the Battle of Antietam and was dismissed again in eighteen-sixty-two (1862). In eighteen-sixty- four (1864) he ran for Presidency against Abraham Lincoln and was unsuccessful.
(Webster’s International Encyclopedia ,pg.689). The Southern General’s. General Thomas Jonathan Jackson better known as “Stonewall Jackson”. General Jackson was born eighteen-twenty-four (1824) and died Eighteen-sixty-three (1863). He was an Confederate general in the American Civil War.
He earned his nickname for his stand against the Union forces at the first battle of Bull Run in eighteen-sixty-one (1861). In May-June 1862 in the Shenandoah Valley campaign he fought brilliantly at the battles of Richmond, the Seven Days Battle, Cedar Mountain, the second battle of Bull Run, Antietam, and Fredericksburg. General Stonewall was fatally wounded at Chancellorsville from an accidental fire from his own troops. (Webster’s International Encyclopedia, pg.563). Fourth ranking Officer Joseph Eggleston Johnston was born in Eighteen-seven (1807) and died in Eighteen-ninety-one (1891).
He was considered the Confederate general with the victory at Bull Run in 1861. While he was at Fair Oaks he was wounded and relieved of his command in 1864 after a feud with Jefferson Davis. He returned to his command in 1865 but surrendered to General Sherman only after two months. He was a member of the United States House of Representatives in 1879 through 1881. (Webster’s Encyclopedia, pg.
579). The Bloody Daze. McClellan for the first time as a commander revealed a weakness, he had overestimated the strength of his opponents. At the end of October 1861 he reported to the Secretary of War that Joseph E. Johnston, commanding the Confederate armies before him, had 150,000 men and that a army of 240,000 would be required to attack him.
At that time Johnston commanded 41,000 effectives. Six weeks later McClellan estimated that Johnston could meet with him with “equal forces nearly”. The Confederate commander had 47,000 men, less than one-third of the number of men in McClellan’s army in the late summer early fall of 1861 the daily report of “all is quiet on the Potomac”. By the end of the year it had become a taunt. McClellan became seriously ill in late December with a typhoid fever . Lincoln could do nothing.
In January 1862 the President was at the end of his patience. In a conference with ranking Union generals he commented that if McClellan did not want to use the army of the Potomac but would like to borrow it the (army). McClellan unexpectedly appeared a few days later at a second conference. When asked about his plans he refused to answer. But he did say that in his own mind he had set a time for advancement.
(Civil War Years, pg. 68) Lincoln revealed a few days later what he intended to do was to transport the troops to the peninsula between the James and York rivers and move overland upon Richmond. Lincoln preferred an overland advance from Washington following the route that McDowell had taken nine months earlier which had been taken only to be balked at Bull Run. The President grasped the fact neither McClellan nor the Confederate Army was the true objective. McClellan nor Lincoln would yield so an impasse kept the army in it’s camps.
( Civil War Years, pg.68). Confederate General Robert E. Lee. Lee fought in the United States Civil war July 1-3, 1863. Confederate General Robert E. Lee struck deep into Union territory, reaching Pennsylvania in June 1863 on July 1 and 2 there were many inconclusive attacks and counterattacks on July third suicidal Confederate attacks broke the Union line at Cemetery Ridge but were driven back in disorder.
The Union losses were over 23,000, around 25%; Confederate losses were around 25,000, a similar percentage. The costly battle marked a reversal in fortunes of the Confederacy, paving the way for the Union victory. The weapons used at the Battle of Gettysburg in 1863 were the Springfield rifle musket , Bayonet, Sharps carbine, Spencer carbine, Cavalry sabre, Colt third model Dragoon, Remington new model revolver, Whitney revolver, Lefaucheux pinfire revolver, 3-inch rifled “Ordnance Gun”, and Napoleon smooth- bore gun-howitzer. (Webster’s International Encyclopedia, pg.232 and 433). In Conclusion , The North and the South.
Who Were considered good and who were considered Ignorant? Well you pretty much can tell which one’s were ignorant and which one’s were good. In my opinion the North was the better of the two. In the end slavery was done away with and the bloodiest war of that time period was now over with. Even today the subject of racism whether or not it’s towards black, white or Jews there is always someone there to treat someone with disrespect. So in the end it will come back on them, that goes with the old saying “What goes around comes around” whether it be the South or Adolph Hitler with the Jews it will come back around.